5 Components of a Class Action Lawsuit

Unlike your typical lawsuit, a class action lawsuit involves a large group of plaintiffs combining their resources against a defendant or defendants that have wronged them. In order to enact a class action suit, the following must be proven:

  1. The group harmed is large enough that it would be impractical to conduct individual cases; and
  2. Common issues exist in each case and the attorney (or attorneys) will be able to represent all parties within the class action

If these prerequisites are established, it’s important to understand the complex components of a class action lawsuit.

1. Filing the Case

Once the legal team analyzes all the available information and determines a case can be made, a class action lawsuit can be filed by the group’s lawyer.

2. Certification

After filing the case, the court then determines the variables for the case and whether or not it qualifies for a class action. In addition, the court may suggest discovery, which is a pre-trial procedure used to gather evidence for a lawsuit.

3. Objections

If the case is certified and the judge rules on the parameters of the class action, the defendant has the option to object the validity of the claim or whether the plaintiffs are appropriate representatives.

4. Announcements

Once the defendant has the opportunity to object and be heard by the judge, the case is announced to the public. This allows parties who may be affected by the issue to become aware of the litigation and potentially join the class action lawsuit and receive compensation.

5. Settlement

Many times, the defendant in a class action lawsuit will settle the case out of court, providing compensation to the plaintiffs. However, if they refuse to settle, the case will go to trial, which can take a few months to over a year to resolve. Whether the case is settled or goes to trial, a judge must approve the final disbursement to the plaintiffs to ensure they are compensated fairly.

Contact our Philadelphia consumer class action lawyers at Golomb Spirt Grunfeld, P.C. today. Call (215) 278-4449 or contact us online for a free no-obligation consultation.